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[O] History(Elect) Smart Guides

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  1. Unit 1: The World in Crisis

    1. Impact of World War I in Europe
    14 Topics
  2. 2. Stalin's Soviet Union
    12 Topics
  3. 3. Hitler's Germany
    27 Topics
  4. 4. Outbreak WWII in Europe
    13 Topics
  5. 5. Germany's Defeat in World War II
    21 Topics
  6. 6. Outbreak War in Asia Pacific
    6 Topics
  7. 7. Japan's Defeat
    10 Topics
  8. Unit 2: Bi-Polarity and the Cold War
    8. Reasons for the Cold War in Europe
    21 Topics
  9. 9. The Korean War
    19 Topics
  10. 10. Cuban Missile Crisis
    25 Topics
  11. 11. The End of Cold War
    19 Topics
Chapter 3, Topic 26
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Social Impact of Hitler’s Ruling (Hitler Youth)

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Hitler Youth

The Nazis viewed the youth as essential to the future and well-being of Nazi Germany.

GERMANY – CIRCA 1934: Hitler with Baldur von Schirach, who was the leader of the ‘Hitler Youth’ (Hitlerjugend).

The Hitler Youth (Hitler Jugend) was formed to ensure that German youth would grow up to fight faithfully for the Nazi regime.

  • Hitler Youth was a paramilitary organisation of the Nazi Party and the youth counterpart of SA.
  • It comprised of German youths between 14 and 18 years old, and aimed to groom these youths to be future leaders in Nazi organisations such as the SS and the army.
  • Hitler Youth only had about 1,000 members when it was first formed in 1923; in 1933, it had 2.3 million members, due in part to the forced merger of other youth organisations with Hitler Youth.
  • By December 1936, membership in Hitler Youth was compulsory for all Aryan German youths.
  • They were indoctrinated in ant-Semitism and Nazi ideology.
  • Physical and military training were emphasised instead of academic study.
  • A sub-division was also formed for boys aged 10 to 14, while the girls joined the League of German Girls.

These measures not only ensured complete loyalty of German youth to the Nazis, but also provided manpower for the Nazi military in World War II.