Back to Smart Guide

[O] History(Elect) Smart Guides

0% Complete
0/0 Steps
  1. Unit 1: The World in Crisis

    1. Impact of World War I in Europe
    14 Topics
  2. 2. Stalin's Soviet Union
    12 Topics
  3. 3. Hitler's Germany
    27 Topics
  4. 4. Outbreak WWII in Europe
    13 Topics
  5. 5. Germany's Defeat in World War II
    21 Topics
  6. 6. Outbreak War in Asia Pacific
    6 Topics
  7. 7. Japan's Defeat
    10 Topics
  8. Unit 2: Bi-Polarity and the Cold War
    8. Reasons for the Cold War in Europe
    21 Topics
  9. 9. The Korean War
    19 Topics
  10. 10. Cuban Missile Crisis
    25 Topics
  11. 11. The End of Cold War
    19 Topics
Chapter 4, Topic 3
In Progress

1935 Abyssinian Crisis

Chapter Progress
0% Complete

1935 Abyssinian Crisis

  • League’s failure to intervene in Abyssinian Crisis served as example of its ineffectiveness in maintaining world peace and resolving conflicts.
  • This incident convinced Hitler that League would not hinder his expansionist policy.

❖ Implications of the Abyssinian Crisis:

  • Mussolini wanted to make Italy a great power; exact revenge for Italy’s defeat to Abyssinia in 1896; and exploit Abyssinia’s mineral wealth.
  • League, however, had suffered many blows to its credibility by 1935, especially from its failure to intervene in the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931.
  • Britain & France, however, remained allies with Italy at that time under the Stresa Front (agreement to reaffirm Locarno Treaties & declare continued independence of Austria).

• Measures taken by the League:

  • Imposed ban on arms sales, loans and exports of rubber, tin and metals to Italy, while allowing arms to be sold to Abyssinia.
  • Delayed ban on oil sale to Italy (not wanting to harm economic interests of League members).

• Measures taken by Britain and France:

  • Did not close Suez Canal to Italian ships – Italy continued supplies to Abyssinia.
  • Foreign ministers Hoare (British) & Laval (French) proposed secret plan to give Mussolini two-thirds of Abyssinia in return his stopping the invasion.
  • France needed Italy’s support against Hitler, who was then remilitarising Rhineland.

League’s failure to impose meaningful sanctions marked its demise & led to the Italian takeover of Abyssinia in May 1936.
It also made Mussolini and Hitler even bolder in their ambitions; Mussolini would form the Rome-Berlin Axis with Hitler in the same year.