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[O] History(Elect) Smart Guides

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  1. Unit 1: The World in Crisis

    1. Impact of World War I in Europe
    14 Topics
  2. 2. Stalin's Soviet Union
    12 Topics
  3. 3. Hitler's Germany
    27 Topics
  4. 4. Outbreak WWII in Europe
    13 Topics
  5. 5. Germany's Defeat in World War II
    21 Topics
  6. 6. Outbreak War in Asia Pacific
    6 Topics
  7. 7. Japan's Defeat
    10 Topics
  8. Unit 2: Bi-Polarity and the Cold War
    8. Reasons for the Cold War in Europe
    21 Topics
  9. 9. The Korean War
    19 Topics
  10. 10. Cuban Missile Crisis
    25 Topics
  11. 11. The End of Cold War
    19 Topics
Chapter 4, Topic 9
In Progress

Hitler’s Expansionist Policy (Czechoslovakia)

Chapter Progress
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❖ Munich Agreement

  • Hitler targeted Czechoslovakia next to be in line with his plans for a Greater Germany.
  • Sudetenland area in Czechoslovakia largely German
  • Under influence of the Nazi Party in Sudetenland, these Germans demanded to be part of Germany, and Hitler threatened to wage war for Sudetenland if necessary.
  • Czechoslovakia had a modern army and its leader, Edvard Benes, was willing to fight, especially with support of Britain, France and Soviet Union should they be attacked.
  • However, in line with the appeasement policy, British & French leaders signed Munich Agreement on 29 Sept 1938 with Hitler and Mussolini to avoid waging war in Europe
  • Germany to gain control of Sudetenland
  • Hitler promised never to demand any more lands
  • Czechs & the Soviets, who had a mutual military assistance treaty, were not consulted.
  • Benes resigned and German troops marched into Sudetenland on 1 October 1938.
  • Hitler began to set his sights even further on occupying the whole of Czechoslovakia.

❖ Invasion of Czechoslovakia (16 March 1939)

  • Hitler invaded and occupied the rest of Czechoslovakia with no resistance.
  • Britain realised then Hitler could not be trusted and feared Poland would be next target
  • Britain and France warned Hitler they would go to war if he invaded Poland
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