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[O] History(Elect) Smart Guides

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  1. Unit 1: The World in Crisis

    1. Impact of World War I in Europe
    14 Topics
  2. 2. Stalin's Soviet Union
    12 Topics
  3. 3. Hitler's Germany
    27 Topics
  4. 4. Outbreak WWII in Europe
    13 Topics
  5. 5. Germany's Defeat in World War II
    21 Topics
  6. 6. Outbreak War in Asia Pacific
    6 Topics
  7. 7. Japan's Defeat
    10 Topics
  8. Unit 2: Bi-Polarity and the Cold War
    8. Reasons for the Cold War in Europe
    21 Topics
  9. 9. The Korean War
    19 Topics
  10. 10. Cuban Missile Crisis
    25 Topics
  11. 11. The End of Cold War
    19 Topics
Chapter 3, Topic 11
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Political Impact of Hitler’s Ruling (Reichstag Fire, 27 February 1933)

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Reichstag Fire, 27 February 1933

The burning Reichstag in February 27, 1933. The fire broke out simultaneously in 20 places, enabling Hitler to seize power under the pretext of ‘protecting’ Germany.

In the Reichstag Fire, a Dutchman, Marinus van der Lubbe, was arrested with several leaders of the Communist Party and accused by the Nazis of being part of a communist conspiracy.

  • They were then charged with arson and attempting to overthrow the government.

Hitler saw an opportunity to deal with the communists – he convinced President Hindenburg to invoke Article 48, which empowers only the President to take measures to re-establish order, using even the armed forces, establish emergency powers, and sign the Reichstag Fire Decree.

  • It suspended civil liberties such as freedom of the press and freedom to assemble in public.
  • The SA arrested communists, broke up their meetings and shut down their newspapers.
  • Those who spoke against Hitler were also beaten up.
  • This badly affected election campaigns of other political parties for the March 1933 elections.