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[O] History(Elect) Smart Guides

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  1. Unit 1: The World in Crisis

    1. Impact of World War I in Europe
    14 Topics
  2. 2. Stalin's Soviet Union
    12 Topics
  3. 3. Hitler's Germany
    27 Topics
  4. 4. Outbreak WWII in Europe
    13 Topics
  5. 5. Germany's Defeat in World War II
    21 Topics
  6. 6. Outbreak War in Asia Pacific
    6 Topics
  7. 7. Japan's Defeat
    10 Topics
  8. Unit 2: Bi-Polarity and the Cold War
    8. Reasons for the Cold War in Europe
    21 Topics
  9. 9. The Korean War
    19 Topics
  10. 10. Cuban Missile Crisis
    25 Topics
  11. 11. The End of Cold War
    19 Topics
Chapter 4, Topic 8
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Hitler’s Expansionist Policy (German Unification with Austria)

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German Unification with Austria (1938)

Entry of German police into Tirol in western Austria during the Anschluss. March 1938.
  • In Mein Kampf, Hitler clearly stated for Germany and Austria to be merged together
  • Treaty of Versailles: did not allow for Austria to join Germany after World War I.
  • Many Germans & Austrians wanted to be united, more so since the Versailles Treaty did not allow Austria to join Germany, which was seen as contradicting the principle of selfdetermination which the Allies themselves had insisted on.
  • Hitler was stopped before by Mussolini in 1934; this time they were allies.
  • Hitler encouraged Austrian Nazis to make trouble & push for Anschluss (political union) with Germany. Hitler also pressurised Austrian Chancellor, Kurt Schuschnigg, that this was the only way to stop demonstrations and riots in Austria.
  • Schuschnigg called for a plebiscite (vote by people of the country to express an opinion for or against government’s proposal). It showed 99.75% of Austrians voted for Anschluss.
  • Austria was annexed on 13 March 1938 – a clear violation of Versailles Treaty but no action by Britain and France.
  • Germany gained access to Austria’s resources of gold & iron, as well as army & weapons.