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[O] History(Elect) Smart Guides

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  1. Unit 1: The World in Crisis

    1. Impact of World War I in Europe
    14 Topics
  2. 2. Stalin's Soviet Union
    12 Topics
  3. 3. Hitler's Germany
    27 Topics
  4. 4. Outbreak WWII in Europe
    13 Topics
  5. 5. Germany's Defeat in World War II
    21 Topics
  6. 6. Outbreak War in Asia Pacific
    6 Topics
  7. 7. Japan's Defeat
    10 Topics
  8. Unit 2: Bi-Polarity and the Cold War
    8. Reasons for the Cold War in Europe
    21 Topics
  9. 9. The Korean War
    19 Topics
  10. 10. Cuban Missile Crisis
    25 Topics
  11. 11. The End of Cold War
    19 Topics
Chapter 4, Topic 7
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Hitler’s Expansionist Policy (Involvement In the Spanish Civil War)

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German Involvement in the Spanish Civil War (1937)

Civilians in Madrid search through the rubble of their homes in ‘Liberated Madrid’. The Nationalists finally captured the besieged city on March 28, 1939. Spanish Civil War, July 1936-March 1939.
  • Clear now that Britain and France were eager to avoid conflict.
  • Spanish Civil War broke out when right-wing nationalist rebels took part in a military coup against the Republican rule which was supported by communists & left-wing groups.
  • Hitler sent soldiers, equipment & warplanes to support Spanish Nationalist forces, fighting against Communist forces.
  • German planes made devastating raids on several Spanish cities, resulting in heavy civilian casualties.
  • Designed to avert divert the attention of British & French from Hitler’s expansion plans into Eastern Europe.
  • Allowed him to test his army and air force whilst fighting against communists.
  • Encouraged Italy’s involvement in Spain.
  • League of Nations took no action as Hitler expected.
  • He pointed out to Britain & France the dangers of communist presence in western Europe which resonated their fear and disdain of communism.
  • Hitler also continued to portray himself as the defender of civilisation against communism.
  • He signed the Anti-Comintern (Communist International) Pact with Japan in 1936.
  • It added perception that the Western powers could trust Hitler so British and French intervention in Spain was even more remote.
  • Hitler saw Britain & France as weak, which in turn made him became more aggressive.