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[O] History(Elect) Smart Guides

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  1. Unit 1: The World in Crisis

    1. Impact of World War I in Europe
    14 Topics
  2. 2. Stalin's Soviet Union
    12 Topics
  3. 3. Hitler's Germany
    27 Topics
  4. 4. Outbreak WWII in Europe
    13 Topics
  5. 5. Germany's Defeat in World War II
    21 Topics
  6. 6. Outbreak War in Asia Pacific
    6 Topics
  7. 7. Japan's Defeat
    10 Topics
  8. Unit 2: Bi-Polarity and the Cold War
    8. Reasons for the Cold War in Europe
    21 Topics
  9. 9. The Korean War
    19 Topics
  10. 10. Cuban Missile Crisis
    25 Topics
  11. 11. The End of Cold War
    19 Topics
Chapter 4, Topic 10
In Progress

Hitler’s Expansionist Policy (Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact)

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Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact (23 August 1939)

  • Hitler wanted to take over Poland without having to go to war with Soviet Union.
  • On 23 August 1939, Germany & the USSR signed the Non-Aggression Pact that was to last for 10 years with both countries agreeing not to attack each other and they would resolve any problems between them in a friendly manner.

Motives of Stalin:

  • He did not trust Allies since USSR was not consulted in the signing of Munich Agreement.
  • He thought the Allies were encouraging Hitler to expand into Eastern Europe.
  • Needed breathing space to prepare itself militarily for a possible war.
  • Needed a land buffer in Poland in the event of an invasion by Germany.
  • Failure of Franco-Soviet Alliance added to Stalin using any means necessary to secure the Soviet Union’s borders.

Motives of Hitler:

  • He wanted to ensure non-involvement of the Soviet Union in Germany’s invasion of Poland.
  • He wanted to avoid fighting a war on two fronts (Britain on Western Front and the Soviet Union on Eastern Front).

Secret Protocol in pact:

  • Divide Eastern Europe into Soviet and German spheres of influence
  • Soviet rights over the Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania recognised.
  • Poland divided between Germany and the Soviet Union.