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[O] History(Elect) Smart Guides

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  1. Unit 1: The World in Crisis

    1. Impact of World War I in Europe
    14 Topics
  2. 2. Stalin's Soviet Union
    12 Topics
  3. 3. Hitler's Germany
    27 Topics
  4. 4. Outbreak WWII in Europe
    13 Topics
  5. 5. Germany's Defeat in World War II
    21 Topics
  6. 6. Outbreak War in Asia Pacific
    6 Topics
  7. 7. Japan's Defeat
    10 Topics
  8. Unit 2: Bi-Polarity and the Cold War
    8. Reasons for the Cold War in Europe
    21 Topics
  9. 9. The Korean War
    19 Topics
  10. 10. Cuban Missile Crisis
    25 Topics
  11. 11. The End of Cold War
    19 Topics
Chapter 3, Topic 9
In Progress

Hitler’s Leadership Abilities (Reorganising the Nazi Party)

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Reorganising the Nazi Party

Initially, the Nazi Party had very limited support and made a more violent approach.

In Nov. 1923, Hitler attempted to overthrow the Weimar Republic by staging a coup in Munich.

  • The Munich Putsch failed and Hitler was jailed, prompting Hitler to revise his party’s strategy.
  • After his release from prison, the Nazi Party began to take part in elections.
  • Before the Depression, the Nazi Party won only 3% of the votes.

Hitler re-organised the Nazi Party through three methods: increasing the Party membership; establishing the Sturm-Abteilung (SA) & the Schutz-Staffel (SS); and using Nazi propaganda.

Reorganisation of the Nazi Party

Increasing Party membership• Established local Nazi parties, thus increasing Party membership
• Set up youth organisations
• Created Hitler Youth in 1920s and had 100,000 members by 1933
Establishing the SA & SS• Set up SA in 1921 as Nazi Party’s paramilitary organisation
• Broke up Communist Party meetings, which gained support of anticommunists
• Broke up strikes, which gained support of the industrialists
• Set up SS as Hitler’s elite personal bodyguard
• Portrayed SA and SS as militaristic
Nazi propaganda• Joseph Goebbels appointed to take charge of Nazi propaganda
• Deliberately appealed to peoples’ emotions rather than intellect
• Portrayed the Nazis as a strong party united behind one leader
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